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Filarete e la chiesa degli eremiti di san Girolamo: «…nel modo ch’io ordinai a Bergamo, che era bella»

digital Filarete e la chiesa degli eremiti di san Girolamo: «…nel modo ch’io ordinai a Bergamo, che era bella»
Articolo
rivista ARTE LOMBARDA
fascicolo ARTE LOMBARDA - 2009 - 1
titolo Filarete e la chiesa degli eremiti di san Girolamo: «…nel modo ch’io ordinai a Bergamo, che era bella»
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 01-2009
issn 0004-3443 (stampa)
€ 6,00

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The essay moves from a passage of book XVI of Filarete’s treatise on architecture, where the author outlines the project for a church, ordered by Duchess Bianca Maria Visconti for a monastery of the Hermits of St. Jerome. In this very peculiar project by the Tuscan master, a single-nave, vaulted building is flanked by lateral chapels, overtopped by an accessible matroneum. The project has been connected by John R. Spencer to the church of San Sigismondo in Cremona, founded in 1463. The debate on a type of church that was perceived as abnormal in the coeval Lombard milieu brought forth similar projects by Filarete in Lombardy, such as the Cathedral (1457) and the San Gottardo dei Serviti complex in Bergamo (1462), the latter being known thanks to a document published by Richard Schofield in 2002, but nonetheless essentially ignored in recent studies on Filarete’s activity in Lombardy. The identification of an architectural type described by Filarete in his treatise – and perhaps attempted more than once during his stay in Lombardy – suggests an oft-overlooked line of inquiry, which considers architectural culture and possible influences, such as – in this case – the Badia in Fiesole. Such inquiry – while asking for a wider consideration of Filarete’s work in Lombardy – is crucial to the understanding both of the culture he brought with him, and of its penetration and, in a few cases, influence on Lombard architecture of the time.

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