«Magister Dux Aymo pictor de Papia». Un pittore pavese in Piemonte (notizie 1417-1444)
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«Magister Duxamo pictor de Papia»: a painter from Pavia in Piedmont (facts from 1417 to 1444)
CLAUDIO BERTOLOTTO - NICOLETTA GARAVELLI - BERNARDO O. GABRIELI
The article analyzed the personality of painter Dux Aymo from Pavia, focusing particularly on important facts from his years in Piedmont between the 1410s and the 1440s, seen in relation with recent diagnostic studies and documentary research that allowed to clarify his relationship with patrons and to better understand his painting technique. Claudio Bertolotto presents the outcome of the recent works of restoration of the most important fresco cycle by Dux Aymo, in the Mission Chapel in Villafranca Piemonte, including the discovery of new figures of Saints and the renovated beauty of the extraordinary Lamentation of Christ and the charming cycle of the Vices and Virtues, the oldest in all Piedmont. Other significant discoveries concern the Duomo of Ivrea and the church of the Cemetery of Pancalieri, where a dramatic Mass of St. Gregory, showing the unmistakable mark of Dux Aymo, was brought to light.
Nicoletta Garavelli analyzes Dux Aymo’s style, from the study of specific early-15th Century figurative models from Pavia used in the frescoes made in the Pinerolo area, to the evolution of the artist’s language as he could confront with Jaquerio when the master from Pavia worked for the court of Ludovico d’Acaia in Pinerolo. Bernardo O. Gabrieli finally analyzes the works by Dux Aymo, focusing on their peculiar technical execution: the artist masterfully and experimentally alternated a base of fresco and various secco touches, with refined metal-foil decorations, deep reliefs and intricate stencil works; this technique is compared with the known modus operandi of 15th-Century fresco painters in Piedmont and Lombardy, such as Jaquerio, the Master of the Brave Men and Heroines of the Manta and Guglielmetto Fantini, but also Michelino da Besozzo, the Maser of the Borromeo Games and Bonifacio Bembo.
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