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Bramante e le scale: dalla chiocciola della sagrestia di Santa Maria presso San Satiro a quella del Paradiso

digital Bramante e le scale: dalla chiocciola della sagrestia di Santa Maria
presso San Satiro a quella del Paradiso
Articolo
rivista ARTE LOMBARDA
fascicolo ARTE LOMBARDA - 2016 - 1-2
titolo Bramante e le scale: dalla chiocciola della sagrestia di Santa Maria presso San Satiro a quella del Paradiso
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 11-2016
issn 0004-3443 (stampa)
€ 6,00

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Early on in his architectural activity in Milan, in about 1480, Bramante had already made a significant contribution to the development of the spiral staircase, as shown by the small (unpublished) spiral staircase in the sacristy of Santa Maria presso San Satiro. This staircase shows the influence of staircases in the Torricini (small towers) of the Ducal Palace at Urbino. Very important as well is the drawing of a spiral staircase for Vigevano, probably a copy of Bramante’s drawing, which anticipates the masterpiece of the Chiocciola in the Belvedere courtyard in the Vatican. Bramante also made a significant contribution to straight staircases, starting from the staircase leading up to the choir loft in the same church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro. Unusually, the two flights are not divided by a wall. Solution then developed by Leonardo da Vinci (Ms. B, 68 verso, Codice Atlantico, 281 recto-b). Bramante designed the two stairways for the use of horses in the Palazzo Comunale in Bologna and in the Albornoz castle in Viterbo at around the same time in about 1506. These staircases can help to understand the many staircases placed in the “disegno grandissimo” (Uffizi 287 A) realized in the same period. It is likely that he also designed the complex diametral staircase leading to the Pope’s apartment at Castel Sant’Angelo.

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