I libri di Filarete digital
formato: Articolo | ARTE LOMBARDA - 2009 - 1
Books play a central role for Filarete and his Libro architettonico. In the course of the fictional story, a Libro di Bronzo and a Libro d’Oro are mentioned several times, which can be regarded as self-reflexive commentaries on Filarete and the act of writing his text. The Libro di Bronzo is used as a symbol for Filarete’s artistic virtue. In this context, the famous statue of Virtue on top of the House of Virtue and Vice is reinterpreted as a goal for the three social estates consisting of the men of arms, men of letters, and artisans. In addition, it becomes a hidden symbol for Francesco Sforza. By contrast, the Libro d’Oro, with the allegory of a woman in a vase and two small children on the binding – which can be interpreted as Memory, Genius and Intellect – suggests the topic of the process of artistic thinking against the background of divine creation and the concept of man as an image of God. Overall, it becomes clear that Filarete’s Libro architettonico owes a great deal not only to antique sources, but also to the late medieval tradition of architectural fiction. Filarete’s Libro thus cannot be understood exclusively in the context of architectural treatises; rather, it also serves – in the guise of a manual of architectural teaching and knowledge – as a manual of statecraft and virtue, with an educational and exemplary function, and as a draft of an ideal society.