I disegni secenteschi della Raccolta Bianconi per il complesso di Sant’Ambrogio tra discussioni di fabbrica e riflessioni accademiche digital
formato: Articolo | ARTE LOMBARDA - 2009 - 3
The analysis of the group of 17th-Century drawings from the Bianconi collection, regarding the complex of S. Ambrogio in Milan – so far read as a series of proposals for the demolishment and rebuilding of the basilica – allows several chronological clarifications about the interventions for the realization of the monastery annexed during the 17th Century. A formal analysis, supported by documents, suggests the rejection of theories implying such a radical intervention, never mentioned by the sources. The reconsideration of a document so far nearly ignored – which attests an agreement made before 1623 for the building of a church for the exclusive use of the monks, to be annexed to the old basilica – allows to interpret the drawings as studies for such operation, eventually aborted. Nevertheless, the formal elements of the drawings, extremely refined, all very similar and lacking in measurements, reveal an abstract and academic origin. The clear influence of Mangone supports the theory that the drawings were made within the Accademia Ambrosiana – where Mangone taught Architecture – as exercises on a given theme, without any prospect of an actual realization. Such interpretation suggests further reflection upon the structure of the Accademia and its teaching methods, heavily marked – as is evident in the formal reading of the drawings – by Classicism, severe and devoid of excessive decoration, as it was handed down to the next generation of Lombard architects.