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L’esperienza lombarda di Bramante e la diffusione dell’architettura rinascimentale in Spagna

digital L’esperienza lombarda di Bramante
e la diffusione dell’architettura rinascimentale in Spagna
Articolo
rivista ARTE LOMBARDA
fascicolo ARTE LOMBARDA - 2016 - 1-2
titolo L’esperienza lombarda di Bramante e la diffusione dell’architettura rinascimentale in Spagna
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 11-2016
issn 0004-3443 (stampa)
€ 6,00

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We can recognize, through the Spanish religious architecture analysis, a relationship between the Lombard work of Bramante and the contemporary Hispanic experiments with the introduction of the artistic and architectural elements of the Renaissance. The first church in Spain which show shapes inspired by the Italian Renaissance art is the Franciscan convent of San Antonio de Mondejar in Tendilla (1487-1509); however, in it the similarities are only the decorative elements. Conversely, the typology of the Bramante cloisters with overlapping arches, inspired by the courtyards of St. Ambrose of Milan, is a natural vehicle of the Renaissance architectural ideas in the Iberian Peninsula: hereof we consider significant the cloisters of the San Gregorio College in Valladolid (1487-1496), annexed to the Dominican convent of San Pablo: this community wanted to use more stringent rules and to avoid disagreements with the rest of the Dominican Province of Spain, that still flaunted the strict religious Reformation; so the convent of San Pablo got to integrate into the Congregation Observant of Lombardy, for which Bramante intervened in the convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie (1492). At the end of the fifteenth century, the mendicant Catholic religious orders played a fundamental role, not always recognized, for the spread of the new architectural design; this is demonstrated by examining the Spanish buildings of the Dominican friars.

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